This is a sub-page of a longer article, The classical Chinese version of Hornerâ€™s method: Technical considerations.

## Appendix 2 Computer program to illustrate classical Chinese root extraction: The case of Wang Xiaotong cubics

This program extracts the positive root of a Wang Xiaotong cubic by the Chinese version of Hornerâ€™s Method. It is written in the Basic programming language and has been tested using the Chipmunk Basic interpreter. Basic is hardly to be recommended for serious programming, but it is simple enough that readers who have learned any programming language should be able to understand the program.

10 ' Initialization.

20 '

30 epsilon = 0.001 ' Desired precision of result.

40 root = 0

50 '

60 ' Subroutine to reduce the roots of the equation by the value of a proposed digit.

70 '

80 sub chu(dv)

90       a = a+dv

100     b = b+a*dv

110     c = c-b*dv

120     a = a+dv

130     b = b+a*dv

140     a = a+dv

150     end sub

160 '

170 ' Ask for the coefficients of the equation.

180 '

190 print "coefficients"

200 input a,b,c

210 '

220 ' Propose a digit.

230 '

240 cq = c^(1/3)

250 order = 10^floor(log10(cq)+1)

260 d = 1

270 '

280 ' Reduce the roots of the equation by the value of the proposed digit.

290 '

300 chu(d*order)

310 '

320 ' If the proposed digit was too large, undo the previous action, propose a

321 ' smaller digit and go back to try again.

330 '

340 if c < 0

350     chu(-d*order)

360     d = d-1

370     if d = 0

380         order = order/10

390         d = 9

400         endif

410     goto 300

420     endif

430 '

440 ' Add the value of the digit to the accumulated result.

450 '

460 root = root+d*order

470 '

480 ' If the desired precision has not been reached, continue proposing digits.

490 '

500 if c > epsilon then goto 240

510 '

520 ' Print the final result and exit.

530 '

540 print "root=", root

550 end