Donald B. Wagner, Background to the Great Leap Forward in Iron and Steel
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The iron industry in Fujian and the Philippines
|Diagram of a
‘trumpet-shaped blast furnace’ used in Fujian in
1958. (Yang Kuan, Zhongguo gudai yetie jishu fazhan shi,
Shanghai 1982, p. 195).
1. Iron bands. 2. ‘Face of Avalokitesvara’ (?). 3. Slag-tapping hole. 4. Iron-tapping hole. 5. Hearth. 6. Bottom. 7. Iron woks. 8. Iron tripod.
In the mountainous coastal
province of Fujian, iron was smelted in a small
‘trumpet-shaped blast furnace’. The ore was ironsand and
the fuel charcoal. It is interesting to see that the same
type of blast furnace was used in the Philippine Islands.
There is a large Chinese minority group in the
Philippines, largely descendants of immigrants from
Fujian, and it is certainly these immigrants who
introduced this type of furnace here.
|Blast furnace in Bulacan, Philippines, 1902. Height from the ground 226 cm, inner diameter at the top 81 cm. (The Mining Bureau, Bulletin no. 3, Manila 1903, pl. AJ).|
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